Infertility in Men: Smoking and Sperm Viability
Smoking is bad for health. Period! It also affects male fertility. In fact, most experts say that male health and fertility is never considered as important as female health and fertility during conception. This even though pregnancy requires both egg and sperm to be in optimal condition.
According to Infertility.about.com:
"Sperm concentration refers to the number of sperm found in a measured quantity of semen. Studies have shown 23% decrease in sperm concentration in men who smoke."
"Sperm motility refers to the swimming capabilities of the sperm. If the sperm cannot swim properly, they may have trouble reaching the egg and fertilising it. In men who smoke, researchers found a 13% decrease in sperm motility."
"Sperm morphology refers to the shape of the sperm. Oddly-shaped sperm may not swim well enough to get to the egg and may not be able to fertilise an egg. Male smokers have fewer healthy-shaped sperm than non-smokers.
Male smokers may also have abnormal hormone levels, which can affect fertility."
*Inputs: Infertility.about.com and HMU expert Dr.Rita Bakshi, Chairperson, International Fertility Centre, (Senior IVF Specialist & Senior Gynecologist)
*Images courtesy: © Thinkstock photos/ Getty Images