What Is Diabetes Mellitus?
Diabetes is a condition that is considered a lifestyle disease of the 21st century therefore it is important to know the A, B, C of diabetes. Today we go back to the basics and discuss what is diabetes mellitus? What is the difference between diabetes and diabetes mellitus? Let’s find out…
Firstly, diabetes mellitus and diabetes is one and the same thing, expect that colloquially we say diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a condition where the blood glucose or sugar level is high. In some cases of a diabetes mellitus patient, the pancreas fails to produce insulin that carries the glucose to the cell which in turn produces energy. In other cases the person going through diabetes mellitus does not use insulin well.
There are two types of diabetes mellitus:
Type 1 diabetes mellitus – Here diabetes mellitus is hereditary. It is known as insulin-dependent or childhood-onset diabetes, which is characterized by a lack of insulin production.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus – This is caused by lifestyle changes like regular consumption of unhealthy food plus sedentary life and increase in weight. It is also called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin.
*As mentioned on WHO, Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus can lead to other complications that can affect the eyes, heart, feet, kidney and pregnancy too. Timely testing, healthy diet and active life can prevent diabetes mellitus in time. Are you up to the challenge?
*Images courtesy: © Thinkstock photos/ Getty Images
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