Understanding Epilepsy and Its Cure
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which a patient suffers from repeated convulsions over a period of time. Convulsions are small episodes of disturbed brain activity and are one of the commonest serious activities that happen to the brain. Even though epilepsy is not as widespread as diabetes or hypertension, there are a host of social stigmas attached to it. While some of them are baseless, others just generate because of lack of knowledge about the disease. Today, in a quest to put all the epilepsy stigmas to rest, let us understand the disease in detail.
With expert inputs from Dr Praveen Gupta, Consultant, Neurology, Artemis Health Institute, Gurgaon
Epilepsy is a condition where a patient suffers from several cycles of seizures or fits. These seizures are triggered by an unwanted spread of electrical discharge in the brain leading to simultaneous activities of circuits.
Experts believe that even though every epilepsy patient has fits, not every patient who has suffered from a fit can be declared an epilepsy patient. Epilepsy can occur as a result of injury to the brain, however there is no obvious cause of epilepsy. At times, it is even believed to be hereditary.
Warning symptoms of epilepsy
- Sudden jerks in the body
- Abnormal memory
- Twisting of the facial muscles
- Blurred vision
Precautions for an epilepsy patient
- Maintain a good sleeping pattern.
- Practice good hygiene.
- Avoid eating under cooked and unwashed fruits and vegetables.
- Don’t eat stale food.
- Take prescribed medication on time.
All these factors will help in reducing the number of fits a patient suffers from.
Doctors prescribe treatment modules for an epileptic patient depending on the severity of the condition. The most common form of treatment is anti-epileptic drugs, which are easily available. These drugs may not have any adverse effect on the brain or any part of body and help in controlling seizures.
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