Mental Health Issues of Women in Urban India
Mental illness along with heart diseases, AIDS and cancer will account for the top four illnesses around the globe, going forward. According to an estimate by the World Health Organisation (WHO), depression will become the second largest illness in terms of morbidity in another decade. It already affects one out of every five women and one in every 12 men.
In India, according to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the prevalence of schizophrenia, a severe mental disorder, is prevalent among 1.1 per cent of the total population while the overall lifetime prevalence rate of mental disorders is 10-12 per cent.
Today’s urban women have to deal with work pressure, home life and other needs. A multitasking women needs to be mentally and physically fit to lead a healthy life. But there are several factors which could be affecting her mental health:
Depression: This is very common in urban women. Work pressures, high performance job profiles and maintaining a social life, can lead to depression in urban women.
Sexual Violence: Knowingly or unknowingly women are suffering from sexual violence every hour. This has the biggest impact on the mental health of women.
Domestic Violence: The prevalence of domestic violence can affect mental health. Enduring this over a period of time can lead to a break down and cause severe mental problems.
Menopause: The biggest cause of mood swings in women, is generally because of menopause.
Mental Health of Senior Citizens: Women who have been abandoned by their spouses or children, end up suffering from mental disorders.
The solution lies within the family and society itself
- Promote efforts to improve state gender policies, toward interdicting violence against women, and toward empowering women economically, and to make women central in policy planning and implementation of mental health services.
- Provide them with a safe and secure environment.
- Love and care can work as a remedy and cure.
* Data Courtesy: Dr Annsimi John, Psychologist, Columbia Asia Hospital, Gurgaon
*Images courtesy: © Thinkstock photos/ Getty Images