Lifestyle Awareness: Urinary Tract Infections
It is generally seen that a women experiences urinary tract infection at least once in her lifetime. It essentially occurs when germs infect the bladder, kidneys or tubes, in other words the tract that carries urine out of a woman's body. UTI is not a serious threat if treated well in time. However, if the infection spreads to the kidney it can be lethal and can even cause death in some unfortunate cases. Today Dr Sunil Prakash, Head, Nephrology at Artemis Health Institute, Gurgaon will help us in explaining this disease in detail.
An overview on Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
It is most common in sexually active women. Women with diabetes or immune deficiency are also prone to this bacterial infection. Approximately 5% women in the age group 25-40 may also develop stones in their kidney due to the infection.
Who is at risk
About 25-30% of young women who are
- Drink less water.
- Take inadequate amount of salt.
- Careless about their personal hygiene.
- Have a chance of suffering from at least one UTI attack in their lifetime.
Super saturated urine which is a result of drinking less water, especially in the summer months, are pre disposed to stone formation in kidneys. Furthermore, a small stone in the kidney also attracts bacteria and can lead to more stone formation.
UTI and Men
Comparatively, men are less likely to get UTI, but when it happens it is most probably related to kidney stone or enlarged prostate.
If you have one or more of the following symptoms then it’s time to consult a doctor:
- Pain in the lower abdomen.
- Increased frequency of urination and a burning sensation while passing urine with or without fever.
- Blood in the urine.
A doctor can help the patient control the infection with the help of medication, thus reducing the chances of developing kidney stones.
UTI and Pregnancy
At the onset of pregnancy, many factors can tick the risk of UTI, in particular a kidney infection. Many hormones can cause change in the urinary tract, putting extra pressure on the bladder, making urine extremely difficult to pass through kidneys. It is a must to consult your gyne immediately, if you suspect an infection.
Simple tips to avoid UTI
- Drink at least 2.5 liters water every day, especially in the summers or after exercise.
- Salt intake should be in moderation, neither too high nor too low.
- Good personal hygiene practices must be followed.
*Image courtesy: © Thinkstock photos/ Getty Images
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