Heart Health: Types of Deadly Heart Conditions
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women globally. There are various conditions of the heart that can lead to a cardiac arrest and subsequent death. Given below are few of the most common and severe types of heart diseases.
Heart attack or myocardial infarction is the most common disease of the heart. Blocked arteries are the cause of a heart attack. When the blood supply is blocked to the heart, you may experience a heart attack. There are a lot of potential risk factors that can lead to a heart attack. Some cannot be changed (age and genetic causes) and many can be changed (smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, high sugar levels, obesity, stress, unhealthy food habits and lack of adequate physical activity).
Heart failure/ Cardiomyopathy
The second most prevalent heart condition is heart failure or cardiomyopathy. It is the weakening of the heart muscle leading to inadequate heart pumping. Some of the common causes of cardiomyopathy are hypertension, alcohol consumption, viral infections, and genetic defects.
Rheumatic heart disease
Rheumatic heart disease is caused by one or more attacks of rheumatic fever, which damages the heart; particularly the heart valves. Rheumatic fever usually occurs in childhood (5 to 15 yrs of age), and follows a streptococcal sore throat infection. The valves are scarred, thickened and weakened, so they do not open and close normally.
Our heartbeats change when we exercise, run or after a strenuous workout. That's no reason to worry. However, if your heart beats at an irregular pace often, then it is time you take it seriously as you might be suffering from a heart ailment called arrhythmia. The heart is incapable to pump blood in case of arrhythmia, as a result the blood flow to vital organs like heart, brain and other organs decreases.
Congenital heart defect (CHD)
If the mother or father had a congenital heart defect, there is a 5 - 10 per cent chance that the child could have it at birth. Congenital heart defect can involve heart valves, walls of the heart, arteries and veins. They can obstruct blood flow to the heart. An echocardiography is used to detect congenital heart defect. If both the mother and father had a congenital heart defect at birth, there is a higher risk that the child could be born with it. Such parents are asked to do a foetal echogram before the 24th week of pregnancy.
*Data Courtesy: Dr. Deepak Shinde, Interventional Cardiologist, Kohinoor Hospital *Images courtesy: © Thinkstock photos/ Getty Images
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