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Diabetes Mellitus: Ways to Reduce Insulin Resistance

  By posted Jan 22nd 2014


Diabetes Mellitus: Ways to Reduce Insulin Resistance

Insulin is crucial for the body to maintain blood sugar levels and it also reduces the risk of diabetes mellitus. Insulin is produced in the pancreas and help’s in the absorption of glucose from the blood. Insulin resistance is a result of the hormone, insulin failing to process sugar in food, which is glucose.

Dr. B.M. Makkar, Director at Diabetes & Obesity Centre and Honorary Treasurer of RSSDI-2013 explains, “Insulin resistance is defined as an inadequate response or suboptimal response of various body tissues to insulin. In other words, insulin is not able to be fully utilised in the body, and therefore there is an increase in glucose levels above normal values in the blood.”

The doctor adds, “Insulin resistance is also associated with other metabolic abnormalities like abnormal lipid levels, increase in blood pressure, and development of atherosclerosis (term for cholesterol deposition in blood vessels).”

Hence some of the other illness associated with insulin resistance are blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases. “There are no specific symptoms of insulin resistance,” says the doctor. But there are some skin ailments that are synonymous with insulin resistance. Dr. B.M. Makkar explains it, “We may find some surrogate markers of insulin resistance on clinical examination like an increase in pigmentation and skin thickening on skin folds, a hump on the nape of the neck and the presence of high blood pressure.”

Ways to reduce insulin resistance:

- Chocolates
- Berries
- Red wine
- Tea
- Foods high in fibre
- Antioxidant rich foods
- Vegetables
- Weight management
- Olive oil
- Soy based products

Obesity and being overweight are the main reasons for insulin resistance. Besides genetics, Dr. B.M. Makkar says, “Other important factors which contribute to the development of insulin resistance are physical inactivity and being overweight or obesity.”  Hence weight loss and weight management is important to reduce one's chances of insulin resistance.

FOR MORE: Insulin Resistance

*Images courtesy: © Thinkstock photos/ Getty Images




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